Bronze age bronze weapons

BRONZE AGE AXES AND ADZES

Ancient weapons of the Bronze Age include axes, adzes, pick-axes and celts, many of which are also utilised in woodworking and agriculture. Copper and Bronze Age axes, adzes, saw, hoe below are from ancient cultures of Near East, Europe and Central Asia.

copper age adze ax

1323
Copper Age adze-axe
III Millennium B.C.
Iran

Cast. Solid bar with slightly convex sides and cutting edge. Lentoid longitudinal cross section.

Length 5.1"(12.9 cm), Width 2.2"(5.6 cm), Height 0.6"(1.5 cm).

For published examples see:

-Muscarella O. Bronze and Iron. Ancient Near Eastern Artifacts in the Metropolitan Museum of Art, MET, 1988, p. 81 no.144

-Deshayes J. Les outils de bronze, de L'indus au Danube (IVe au IIe Millenaire). Paris, 1960, pl. III, IV.

$ 400

Bronze Age shaft-hole axe

1325
Bronze shaft-hole axe
III Millennium B.C.
Iran

Cast. Copper alloy with cylindrical long shaft-hole, base is sectioned away at the sharp angle and reinforced with a molding. On the rare of the socket is a longitudinal rib, forming a protuberance at the top.

L. 6.3"(16.0 cm), W. 6.5"(16.5 cm).

For published examples see:

- J. Deshayes, Les outils de bronze, de l’Indus au Danube (Paris, 1960), pl. 18, 1319; pl. 19, 1324, pl. 20, 1325.

- Stutzinger D., Mit Hieb und Stich Bronzewaffen aus dem alten Iran Die Sammlung von Gravert (Frakfurt am Main, 2008), p.50

- The British Museum, Splendours of Mesopotamia, London, British Museum Press, 2011, p.54, cat.31

- A. Godard, Les Bronzes du Luristan, Ars Asiatica 17 (Paris, 1931) nos. 39-41, pls. 14

- F. Tallon, Métallurgie susienne 1: De la fondation de Suse au XVIIIe siècle avant J.-C. (Paris, 1987), nos. 39-41

$ 1500

Early Bronze Age bronze ceremonial axe

1332
Early Bronze Age ceremonial axe
III Millennium B.C.
Iran

Cast. Thick flat assimetrical axe head with curved blade and elliptical socket in the middle, projecting through the butt, with 4 rivets along the length from both sides. Raised ridge along head's perimeter on both side.
The patina is green, brown and red. The difference in patinas traces a handle that was once attached. The blade is rectangular in cross-section and not sharp. This axe was used as a ceremonial object.

Length 4.7"(12.0 cm), thickness 0.5"(1.3 cm).

For similar examples see:

- Stutzinger D., Mit Hieb und Stich Bronzewaffen aus dem alten Iran Die Sammlung von Gravert (Frakfurt am Main, 2008), p.58, cat.37

$ 750

1321
Bronze adze-axe
Iron Age III
Luristan

Cast. Adze-axe head with tall cylindrical shaft-hole socket and convex cutting edges perpendicular to each other. Socket decorated with three horizontal ridges at the bottom and at blade to blade level, undulating rope below and beaded pattern above.

L. 3.2"(8.2 cm), W. 6.0"(15.2 cm).

For published examples see:

- Haerinck and B. Overlaet, 1999, Djub-i Gauhar and Gul Khanan Murdah Iron Age III graveyards in the Aivan plain (Luristan Excavation Documents Vol. III), p. 168

- Deshayes J. Les outils de bronze, de L’indus au Danube (IVe au IIe Millenaire). Paris, 1960, pl. LIII no. 3132.

$ 900

1187
Bronze axe
III Millennium B.C.
Iran

Cast. Symmetrical in two planes, axe head with elliptical socket, with long cylindrical butt, terminated with a band of spiked notches. White, dense, calcium-based original material remains inside the butt. The blade broadens out towards the convex cutting edge.

L. 5.3"(13.5 cm), W. 1.1"(2.8 cm).

For related type see: Deshayes J. Les outils de bronze, de L'indus au Danube (IVe au IIe Millenaire). Paris, 1960, pl. XXV, #1573.

$ 975

1322
Bronze Age bronze saw
End of III-Early II Millennium B.C.
Iran

Thin (2 mm) curved blade with a short tang and small short teeth. Shaped by hammering.

L. 7.6"(19.4 cm), W. 1.8"(4.5 cm).

Saws are rare finds. See published examples below:

-E. Haerinck & B. Overlaet, The Early Bronze Age at Bani Surmah. Luristan Pusht-i Kuh (= Luristan Excavation Documents 6), Acta Iranica 43, Peeters/Leuven-Dudley (MA), p. 37

Deshayes J. Les outils de bronze, de L’indus au Danube (IVe au IIe Millenaire). Paris, 1960, pl. XLVIII.

$ 800

1188
Bronze axe
III Millennium B.C.
Iran

Cast. Symmetrical in two planes, axe head with elliptical socket, with long cylindrical butt, terminated with a band of spiked notches. White, dense, calcium-based original material remains inside the butt. The blade broadens out towards the convex cutting edge.

L. 5.3"(13.5 cm), W. 1.1"(2.8 cm).

For related type see: Deshayes J. Les outils de bronze, de L'indus au Danube (IVe au IIe Millenaire). Paris, 1960, pl. XXV, #1573.

$ 975

1189
Early Bronze Age axe
III Millennium B.C.
Iran

Cast. Axe head consisting of crescent-shaped blade and round butt-end with elliptical socket in the middle.

L. 5"(12.8 cm), W. 0.7"(1.8 cm).

$ 750

1182
Bronze axe
III Millennium B.C.
Iran

Cast. Symmetrical in two planes, axe head with elliptical socket and butt. The blade broadens out towards the convex cutting edge.
L. 7.5"(19 cm), W. 1.2"(3 cm).

SOLD

1192
Bronze axe
End of III - early II Millennium B.C.
Iran

IRAN Cast. Axe head with shaft-hole slightly flared at the bottom line. Beveled concave top. Protuberance on the butt. The blade is splayed out towards the convex cutting edge which has never been ground down for use.

L. 3.7"(9.5 cm), H. 2.7"(6.9 cm).

See: Deshayes J. Les outils de bronze, de L'indus au Danube (IVe au IIe Millenaire).

Paris, 1960, pl. XIX, #1340; Moorey P.R.S Catalog of the Ancient Persian Bronzes in the Ashmolean Museum. Oxford, 1971, p.44, # 8; Meier- Arendt W. Archäologische Reihe Bronzen und Keramik aus Luristan. Vol. 4. Frankfurt am Main, 1984, cat. 11

$ 475

1195
Bronze adze-axe
II Millennium B.C.

Cast. Adze-axe head with round socket. Wide blade set at an acute angle to the rhomboidal body, convex cutting edge.

L. 5.7"(14.4 cm), H. 2.7"(6.8 cm).

$ 475

1191
Bronze axe
II Millennium B.C.
Iran

Cast. Axe head with long cylindrical shaft-hole. Protuberance on the butt. The blade is sharply splayed out towards the convex cutting edge, upper and lower edges reinforced with ridges, continuing across the shaft towards protuberance.
See: Deshayes J. Les outils de bronze, de L'indus au Danube (IVe au IIe Millenaire). Paris, 1960, pl. LXIV, #3078.

SOLD

1184
Bronze adze-axe
Middle of II Millennium B.C.
N. Iran

Cast. Adze-axe head with round cross-section shaft-hole. Convex cutting edges perpendicular to each other.
See: Deshayes J. Les outils de bronze, de L'indus au Danube (IVe au IIe Millenaire). Paris, 1960, pl. LIII, #3131, 3123; Moorey P.R.S Catalog of the Ancient Persian Bronzes in the Ashmolean Museum. Oxford, 1971, p.64.

SOLD

1334
Bronze adze-axe
II Millennium B.C.
Iran


Cast. Adze-axe head with cylindrical shaft-hole decorated with three ridges. Convex cutting edges perpendicular to each other.
Length 6.6″(16.8 cm), Width 2.3″(5.8 cm).
For published examples of similar adze-axe see:
- Deshayes J. Les outils de bronze, de L’indus au Danube (IVe au IIe Millenaire). Paris, 1960, pl. XXXVIII, no. 2221; pl. LIII, no. 3123
- Moorey P.R.S Catalog of the Ancient Persian Bronzes in the Ashmolean Museum. Oxford, 1971, p.64.

$ 700
 

Bronze age bronze adze-axe

1180
Bronze adze-axe
Middle of II MillenniumB.C..
N. Iran

Cast. Large adze-axe head with round cross-section shaft-hole. Convex cutting edges perpendicular to each other..

L. 8.3"(21 cm), H. 2.6"(6.6 cm)..

 

See: Deshayes J. Les outils de bronze, de L'indus au Danube (IVe au IIe Millenaire)..

Paris, 1960, pl. LIII, #3122; ; Moorey P.R.S Catalog of the Ancient Persian Bronzes in the Ashmolean Museum. Oxford, 1971, p.64..

$ 500

1185
Bronze adze-axe
End of II Millennium B.C.
N. Iran

Cast. Adze-axe head with long cylindrical shaft-hole decorated with low ridges and opposed concentric circles.
See: Moorey P.R.S Catalog of the Ancient Persian Bronzes in the Ashmolean Museum. Oxford, 1971, p.64, #35,36; Deshayes J. Les outils de bronze, de L'indus au Danube (IVe au IIe Millenaire). Paris, 1960, pl. LXVII, 2; Hopp D.-H. Schaaf- W. Völcker-Janssen, Iranische Metallfunde im Museum Altenessen, in Saarbrücker Beiträge zur Altertumskunde Bd. 57, 1992, p.37 # 57.

SOLD

1193
Bronze adze-axe
1200-900 B.C.
Amlash

Cast. Adze-axe head with short cylindrical shaft-hole decorated with ridges. Opposed concentric circles above ridges.

L. 4.8"(12.3 cm), H. 1.7"(4.3 cm).

 

See: Meier- Arendt W. Archäologische Reihe Bronzen und Keramik aus Luristan. Vol. 4. Frankfurt am Main, 1984, cat. 71; Deshayes J. Les outils de bronze, de L'indus au Danube (IVe au IIe Millenaire). Paris, 1960, pl. LXVII, 3; Moorey P.R.S Catalog of the Ancient Persian Bronzes in the Ashmolean Museum. Oxford, 1971, p.64.

$ 475

1186
Bronze axe
II Millennium B.C.
Iran

Cast. Axe head with short shaft-hole has oval cross-section, with three ribs. The blade broadens out towards the convex cutting edge.
See: Deshayes J. Les outils de bronze, de L'indus au Danube (IVe au IIe Millenaire). Paris, 1960, pl. XX, #1290.

SOLD

1181
Bronze axe
II Millennium B.C.
Iran

Cast. Axe head with short shaft-hole has oval cross-section, with one rib. The symmetrical blade broadens out towards the convex cutting edge.  blade with convex cutting edge.The opposite side is rectangular in cross section.

SOLD

1194
Bronze axe
II Millennium B.C.

Cast. Axe head with with elliptical socket. The blade broadens out towards the convex cutting edge, upper and lower edges of the blade are beveled.

L. 3.3"(8.3 cm), H. 1.8"(4.6 cm).

$ 250

1318
Bronze lugged axe
II Millennium B.C.
Iran

Flat, cast in open mold. Bi-concave symmetrical blade with convex cutting edge. Rectangular butt is flanked by blades shoulders. Belongs to Lugged axe type, however many scholars have suggested multiple functions for these blades as tools for woodworking and as weapons.

L. 6.4"(16.3 cm), H. 0.5"(1.2 cm), W. 1.9"(4.7 cm)

$ 400

1190
Bronze lugged axe/chisel
Second half of II Millennium B.C.

Cast. Flat, with rectangular butt end and bi-concave blade with slightly convex cutting edge, ground only from one side, leaving opposite side flat. Function is indeterminate. Could have been used as an axe, adze, chisel or weapon.
See similar axe, of Aegean origin: Deshayes J. Les outils de bronze, de L'indus au Danube (IVe au IIe Millenaire). Paris, 1960, pl. XIV, # 1131.

SOLD

Bronze age battle axe - Asia

1335
Bronze age battle axe
Central Asia, Inner Mongolia
XII-XI century B.C.

Cast in one piece forming a curve. Long blade, thickening at top and bottom as prominent transverse ridges, terminated by shaft-hole. The opposite side is square in cross section, gradually coming to the point. Both sides of this part are engraved with typical highly stylized deer antlers ornament.
Length 9.9" (25.2 cm).

$ 1200